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SSGNs Finally See Combat

SSGNs Finally See Combat
Strategypage.com, Aug 30, 2011
August 30, 2011: With nearly all of Libya overrun by
rebels, it was possible to get a close look at how well the
American Tomahawk TLAM-E did in its first combat
use. The missile performed as predicted. Most of these
Tomahawks were fired during the initial air attack on
March 19th. Moreover, most of the Tomahawks (over a
hundred) launched on that day were fired by one ship;
the nuclear submarine USS Florida. This was the first
time an SSGN saw combat, but not the first time nuclear
subs have fired missiles in wartime (U.S. SSNs have
fired Tomahawks several times.)
The USS Florida was one of four Ohio class ballistic
missile submarines (SSBN) converted to cruise missile
submarines (SSGN). The USS Florida and the other
three SSGNs entered service over the last five years, and
this is the first time one of them fired its missiles in
combat. Each of these Ohio class boats now carry 154
Tomahawk cruise missiles, and provides space for 66
commandos (usually SEALs) and their equipment.
The idea of converting ballistic missile subs, that would
have to be scrapped to fulfill disarmament agreements,
has been bouncing around since the 1990s. After
September 11, 2001, the idea got some traction. The
navy submariners love this one, because they lost a lot of

their reason for being with the end of the Cold War. The
United States had built a powerful nuclear submarine
force during the Cold War, but with the rapid
disappearance of the Soviet navy in the 1990s, there was
little reason to keep over a hundred nuclear subs in
commission. These boats are expensive, costing over a
billion each to build and over a million dollars a week to
operate. The four Ohio class SSBN being converted each
have at least twenty years of life left in them.
The idea of a sub, armed with 154 highly accurate cruise
missiles, and capable of rapidly traveling under water
(ignoring weather, or observation) at a speed of over
1,200 kilometers a day, to a far off hot spot, had great
appeal in the post-Cold War world. The ability to carry a
large force of commandos as well was also attractive. In
one sub you have your choice of hammer or scalpel.
More capable cruise missiles are in the works as well.
Whether or not this multi-billion dollar investment will
pay off remains to be seen, but it certainly worked off
Libya.
And then there’s the new Tomahawk. The RGM-109E
Block IV Surface Ship Vertical Launched Tomahawk
Land Attack Missile weighs 1.2 ton, is six meters (18
feet) long, has a range of 1,600 kilometers, getting there
at a speed of 600-900 kilometers an hour, flying at an
altitude of 17-32 meters (50-100 feet) and propelled by a
jet engine generating only 600 pounds of thrust.
Accuracy is on a par with JDAM (10 meters/ 31 feet).
The Block IV Tomahawk can be reprogrammed in flight
to hit another target and carries a vidcam to allow a
missile to check on prospective targets.
But there’s always something new. Last year, there was
a successful test of the new JMEW (Joint Multi-Effects
Warhead System) warhead for its Tomahawk Block IV
cruise missile. The new, 450 kg (1,000 pound) warhead
is designed mainly for penetrating underground bunkers,
but it will also provide excellent blast effect for less
robust targets. Exact penetration was not revealed.
JMEW uses laser terminal guidance, enabling it to hit
within a few meters (ten feet) of its aiming point. JMEW
can also hit moving targets.

How to manage.pst files in Outlook 2007, in Outlook 2003, and in Outlook 2002

How to manage.pst files in Outlook 2007, in Outlook 2003, and in Outlook 2002

WD-40 – Many ways to use.

WD-40 uses:
1. Protects silver from tarnishing
2. Removes road tar and grime from cars.
3. Cleans and lubricates guitar strings.
4. Gives floors that ‘just-waxed’ sheen without making them slippery.
5. Keeps flies off cows.
6. Restores and cleans chalkboards.
7. Removes lipstick stains.
8. Loosens stubborn zippers.
9. Untangles jewelry chains.
10. Removes stains from stainless steel sinks.
11. Removes dirt and grime from the barbecue grill.
12. Keeps ceramic/terra cotta garden pots from oxidizing.
13. Removes tomato stains from clothing.
14. Keeps glass shower doors free of water spots.
15. Camouflages scratches in ceramic and marble floors.
16. Keeps scissors working smoothly.
17. Lubricates noisy door hinges on vehicles and doors in homes.
18. It removes black scuffmarks from the kitchen floor! Use WD-40 for those nasty tar and scuff marks on flooring. It doesn’t seem to harm the finish and you won’t have to scrub nearly as hard to get them off. Just remember to open some windows if you have a lot of marks.
19. Bug guts will eat away the finish on your car if not removed quickly! Use WD-40!
20. Gives a children’s playground gym slide a shine for a super fast slide.
21. Lubricates gearshift and mower deck lever for ease of handling on riding mowers…
22. Rids kids’ rocking chairs and swings of squeaky noises.
23.. Lubricates tracks in sticking home windows and makes them easier to open.
24. Spraying an umbrella stem makes it easier to open and close.
25. Restores and cleans padded leather dashboards in vehicles, as well as vinyl bumpers.
26. Restores and cleans roof racks on vehicles.
27. Lubricates and stops squeaks in electric fans.
28. Lubricates wheel sprockets on tricycles, wagons, and bicycles for easy handling.
29. Lubricates fan belts on washers and dryers and keeps them running smoothly.
30. Keeps rust from forming on saws and saw blades, and other tools.
31. Removes splattered grease on stove.
32. Keeps bathroom mirror from fogging.
33. Lubricates prosthetic limbs.
34. Keeps pigeons off the balcony (they hate the smell).
35. Removes all traces of duct tape.
36. Folks even spray it on their arms, hands, and knees to relieve arthritis pain.
37.. Florida’s favorite use is ‘cleans and removes love bugs from grills and bumpers.’
38. The favorite use in the state of New York , WD-40 protects the Statue of Liberty from the elements.
39. WD-40 attracts fish. Spray a little on live bait or lures and you will be catching the big one in no time. Also, it’s a lot cheaper than the chemical attractants that are made for just that purpose. Keep in mind though, using some chemical laced baits or lures for fishing are not allowed in some states.
40. Use it for fire ant bites. It takes the sting away immediately and stops the itch.
41. WD-40 is great for removing crayon from walls. Spray on the mark and wipe with a clean rag.
42. Also, if you’ve discovered that your teenage daughter has washed and dried a tube of lipstick with a load of laundry, saturate the lipstick spots with WD-40 and rewash. Presto! The lipstick is gone!
43. If you sprayed WD-40 on the distributor cap, it would displace the moisture and allow the car to start.
44. Remove the glue under labels on jars.

Ascent – Commemorating Shuttle

Photographic documentation of a Space Shuttle launch plays a critical role in the engineering analysis and evaluation process that takes place during each and every mission. Motion and Still images enable Shuttle engineers to visually identify off-nominal events and conditions requiring corrective action to ensure mission safety and success. This imagery also provides highly inspirational and educational insight to those outside the NASA family.

This compilation of film and video presents the best of the best ground-based Shuttle motion imagery from STS-114, STS-117, and STS-124 missions. Rendered in the highest definition possible, this production is a tribute to the dozens of men and women of the Shuttle imaging team and the 30yrs of achievement of the Space Shuttle Program.

The video was produced by Matt Melis at the Glenn Research Center.

NASA Photos + Nine Inch Nails = Spacey Mashup Music Video

CASSINI MISSION from Chris Abbas on Vimeo.